Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 07 07 - Central bank financing government BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.

Bangladesh 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BDT
Bangladesh 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BDT
Bangladesh 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BDT Bangladesh Bank. https://www.bb.org.bd/mediaroom/circulars/brpd/jun102020brpd12.pdf (accessed 29 June 2020).

BB instructed banks to waive customers interest for the period from 1 April to 31 May based unclassified loan outstanding balance as at 30 March 2020. According to the instruction, loan balance upto BDT 0.1m, waiver the whole amount of interest; loan balance more than BDT 0.1m to BDT 1m interest, interest waiver @2% annually; loan balance more than BDT 1m; interest waiver @1%. Customer wise maximum amount of waiver is BDT 1.2m.

Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 07 07 - Central bank financing government BTN/INR
Bhutan 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown BTN/INR
Bhutan 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities BTN/INR
Bhutan 11 11 - Other Economic Measures BTN/INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

(i) Office of Consumer Protection has published market price information of essential commodities as of March 11, to monitor and keep track of price movement in the market and provide information to consumers for informed purchase decision; (ii) March 24, A ban on select food product (e.g., betel leaf, betel nut) import from India has been imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19; (ii) June 29, Import of luxury motor vehicles and bikes have been suspended .

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
European Central Bank 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
European Central Bank 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 18 April 2020).

Purchases of government bonds are included in Measure 2 (Encourage Private Credit Creation). The amount could not be disaggregated from the EUR 750 billion PEPP program.

European Central Bank 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Union 07 07 - Central bank financing government EUR
European Union 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown EUR
European Union 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities EUR
European Union 11 11 - Other Economic Measures EUR WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accesed 20 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 20 April 2020).

(i) March to April, ESMA, EU's securities and markets regulator, issued various statements to adjust compliance and reporting schedule, clarify accounting standard applications (e.g. IAS 8, IFRS 9, and IFRS 17), and ensure alignment of reporting requirements and supervisory practices in the EU; (ii) 26 April, Export restriction of critical COVID-related products .

India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 07 07 - Central bank financing government INR 400,000,000,000 5,382,406,909
India 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown INR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 5 May 2020).

April 20, The RBI increased the limit for ways and means advances for the Central Government (a short-term liquidity facility) for the remaining part of the first half of the FY 2020/21 from INR 1.2 trillion to INR2.0 trillion. The WMA is a temporary liquidity facility offered by the RBI to the government that acts as a credit line that the government may call upon to help them reconcile short-term mismatches in cash flows of their receipts and expenditures.

India 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities INR 400,000,000,000 5,382,406,909 RBI. https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50252 (accessed 27 August 2020). https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50012, https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=49712 (both accessed as of 2 July 2020).

(i) April 27, INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO); (ii) June 29, another INR100 billion purchase of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO). These two operations, totalling INR200 billion, have long-term maturities ranging from 6 years to 10 years and are meant to replace the concurrent sale of short-term government securities maturing within the next year; (iii) August 26, Decided to again conduct simultaneous purchase and sale of government securities under Open Market Operation (OMO) for an aggregate amount of INR200 billion in two tranches of INR100 billion each. The auctions would be conducted on August 27, 2020 and September 03, 2020. [update]

India 11 11 - Other Economic Measures INR 382,500,000,000 5,146,926,607 Securities and Exchange Board of India. https://www.sebi.gov.in/legal/circulars/jul-2020/relaxation-from-compliance-with-provisions-of-the-sebi-issue-and-listing-of-debt-securities-regulations-2008-ilds-regulation-sebi-non-convertible-redeemable-preference-shares-regulations-20-_47071.html (accessed 17 July 2020), https://www.sebi.gov.in/legal/circulars/jul-2020/relaxation-from-compliance-with-certain-provisions-of-the-sebi-issue-and-listing-of-municipal-debt-securities-regulations-2015-ildm-regulations-and-certain-sebi-circulars-due-to-the-covid-19-vir-_47015.html (accessed 8 July 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625319 (accessed 21 May 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/covid19_e.htm#faq (accessed 5 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) Amendments introduced to the export policy of several products; (ii) May 17, Enhancements to the Ease of Doing Business Act and decriminalisation of Companies Act violations; (iii) July 7, Decided to partially modify circular No. SEBI/HO/DDHS/CIR/P/2020/41 (dealing with investor grievance report, financial results and accounts maintained by issuers under ILDM Regulations) and extended the timelines for submission to July 31, 2020; (iv) July 15, Decided to permit Listers who listed or intend/propose to list NCDs/NCRPS/CPs to use available financials as of December 31,2019, pre-coronavirus; (v) August 31, Announced that various State Governments have offered to sell securities by way of an auction, for an aggregate face value of INR82.5 billion; [update] (vi) August 31, Announced the re-issue of various fixed-rate government equities (stocks) at different years and percentages, for a total of INR300 billion through price-based action. [update]

Maldives 04 04 - Equity support MVR
Maldives 07 07 - Central bank financing government MVR
Maldives 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown MVR
Maldives 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities MVR
Maldives 11 11 - Other Economic Measures MVR Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/media/news/mvr-25-million-economic-recovery-plan (accessed 13 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020); Ministry of Finance. https://www.finance.gov.mv/covid-19 (accessed 26 May 2020).

April, Reduce recurrent expenditure by MVR1 billion.

Nepal 04 04 - Equity support NPR
Nepal 07 07 - Central bank financing government NPR
Nepal 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown NPR
Nepal 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities NPR
Nepal 11 11 - Other Economic Measures NPR NRB. https://www.nrb.org.np/contents/uploads/2020/04/Circular10-2076-77_20200401_0001.pdf (accessed 6 July 2020).

April 1: (i) The security requirement of 10% of L/C value (Document value) for the import of COVID-related medical supplies and equipment has been waived; (ii) Parents/guardians can send USD500 per student to meet their living expenses abroad even without a NO OBJECTION LETTER.

Sri Lanka 04 04 - Equity support LKR
Sri Lanka 07 07 - Central bank financing government LKR
Sri Lanka 07A 07A - Direct lending and reserve drawdown LKR
Sri Lanka 07B 07B - Secondary purchase: government securities LKR
Sri Lanka 11 11 - Other Economic Measures LKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 2 September 2020); News 1st. https://www.newsfirst.lk/2020/05/22/sri-lanka-lifts-import-bans-except-for-vehicles-in-covid-19-economic-recovery-plan/ (accessed 23 May 2020); CBSL. https://www.cbsl.gov.lk/sites/default/files/cbslweb_documents/press/pr/press_20200513_central_bank_of_sri_lanka_implements_extraordinary_regulatory_measures_to_provide_liquidity_to_banks_amidst_covid_19_outbreak_e.pdf (accessed 26 June 2020).

(i) April 23, import duties on petrol and diesel were increased to mitigate weak revenue collections, but this was reversed in late June; (ii) May 22, Sri Lanka lifts import bans except for vehicles in COVID-19 economic recovery plan.

Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 07 07 - Central bank financing government BDT IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 April 2020).

No amount/estimate: The Bangladesh Bank has announced that it will buy treasury bonds and bills from banks.