Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Australia 04 04 - Equity support AUD
Australia 06 06 - Budget reallocation AUD
Austria 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Austria 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Bangladesh 04 04 - Equity support BDT
Bangladesh 06 06 - Budget reallocation BDT
Belgium 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Belgium 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Bhutan 04 04 - Equity support BTN/INR
Bhutan 06 06 - Budget reallocation BTN/INR 1,300,000,000 17,492,822 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

April, A budget of BTN1.3 billion has been re-appropriated for health, essential food and fuel, quarantine and related initiatives.

Canada 04 04 - Equity support CAD 537,000,000 384,877,262 Department of Finance Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) CAD287 million to support rural businesses and communities by providing them with much-needed access to capital through the Community Futures Network. (ii) CAD250 million to assist innovative, early-stage companies that are unable to access other COVID-19 business supports through the Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP).

Canada 06 06 - Budget reallocation CAD
Denmark 04 04 - Equity support DKK 17,437,889,398 2,581,659,486 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 July 2020). European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1488 (accessed 22 July 2020)

(i) April 18, DKK3.5 billion in loans and equity provided to entrepreneurs and venture firms. The state investment fund (Vaekstfonden) will provide risky capital to start-ups and venture firm, facing difficulties in financing as private investors withdraw from the market. Available in 2020 only; (ii) June 15, DKK10 billion from a new government-backed fund to act as an investor of last resort with the possibility of recapitalizing large and important firms at risk of bankruptcy; (iii) Together with Sweden, planned recapitalization of SAS (a Dutch airline) through an equity injection. Last August 17, the European Commission (EC) approved this measure. Denmark is expected to provide approximately EUR583 million of the recapitalization funds.

Denmark 06 06 - Budget reallocation DKK
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Union 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR 1,000,000,000 1,106,194,690 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020).

March, the EIB redirected EUR1 billion from the EU Budget as a guarantee to the European Investment Fund to incentivize banks to provide liquidity to affected SMEs and mid-caps.

Finland 04 04 - Equity support EUR 710,500,000 785,951,327 MEE. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/ensimmaiset-valtionavustukset-kunnille-yksinyrittajien-tukemiseksi (accessed 3 May 2020); https://vm.fi/en/article/-/asset_publisher/10616/hallitus-paatti-vuoden-2020-neljannesta-lisatalousarvioesityksesta (accessed 9 June 2020); European Sting. https://europeansting.com/2020/06/10/state-aid-commission-approves-e286-million-finnish-measure-to-recapitalise-finnair/ (accessed 15 June 2020); Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland. https://tem.fi/artikkeli/-/asset_publisher/nordfuel-oy-n-haapaveden-biojalostamohankkeelle-24-5-miljoonaa-euroa-uusiutuvan-energian-suurten-demohankkeiden-investointitukea (accessed 19 June 2020).

(i) June 6, Further capital funding of EUR250 million is proposed for Tesi (Finnish Industry Investment Ltd), to increase equity financing for companies ; (ii) June 6, Capital funding of EUR 150 million is proposed for strengthening the balance sheet of Finnish Minerals Group ; (iii) June 10, The EU Commission approved Finland's plans to contribute to the recapitalisation of Finnair, amounting to EUR286 million through the subscription of new shares by the State in the rights issue launched by Finnair on 10 June 2020 in the context of the coronavirus outbreak ; (iv) June 15, EUR24.5 million of investment support for NordFuel Oy's Haapevesi biorefinery project for large renewable energy demo projects .

Finland 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
France 04 04 - Equity support EUR 22,270,000,000 24,634,955,752 OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (update as of 14 May 2020); Economie. https://www.economie.gouv.fr/3-projet-loi-finances-rectificative-plfr-iii-2020# (accessed 4 July 2020).

(i) EUR20 billion for the temporary increase in state-ownership for some firms facing exceptional difficulties; (ii) June 5, EUR150 million worth of investment funds for companies developing sovereign technologies of the future whose risk associated with investment is high (quantum, health, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, etc.) and of start-ups at any stage of development; (iii) EUR200 million equity support to SMEs in the aeronautics sector ; (iv) EUR1.3 billion equity investments in the tourism industry ; (v) EUR270 million to EUR620 million equity support under the Programme de soutien à l’innovation majeure PSIM (EUR120 million) & French Tech Souveraineté (EUR150 million, extendable up to a maximum of EUR500 million) .

France 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Germany 04 04 - Equity support EUR 112,000,000,000 123,893,805,310 Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/3el63tR (accessed 17 April 2020); Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. https://bit.ly/3ehnpbi (accessed 17 April 2020); Bruegel. https://bit.ly/3eeLoYx (accessed 16 April 2020); Deutsche Welle. https://bit.ly/3hFEEFj (accessed 17 April 2020); Finance Yahoo. https://yhoo.it/3gjTIHQ (accessed 25 May 2020); Federal Ministry of Finance. https://bit.ly/2YPVHf6 (accessed 31 May 2020).

(i) March 23, EUR100 billion under the WSF to directly acquire equity of larger affected companies and strengthen their capital position. May 25, Lufthansa gets a EUR9 billion support, of which EUR6 billion will be equity; (ii) April 1, EUR2 billion to expand venture capital financing to start-ups, new technology companies, and small businesses during the coronavirus crisis; and (iii) EUR10 billion fund by the state of Bavaria to buy stakes in struggling companies.

Germany 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
India 04 04 - Equity support INR
India 06 06 - Budget reallocation INR
Ireland 04 04 - Equity support EUR 2,012,000,000 2,225,663,717 DBEI. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/May/02052020.html (accessed 9 May 2020); DBEI. https://dbei.gov.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-News/2020/July/07072020.html (accessed 26 July 2020); Government of Ireland. file:///C:/Users/m29/Downloads/81556_d4fa4cc4-7e9f-4431-8540-a9ecb7126505.pdf (accessed 26 July 2020).

(i) EUR2 billion Pandemic Stabilisation and Recovery Fund within the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund (ISIF), which will make capital available to medium and large enterprises on commercial terms; (ii) July 7, Enterprise Ireland EUR2 million Competitive Start Fund will open to applications for two competitionswhich will approve up to forty investments – the ‘All Sectors’ competition and a ‘Women Entrepreneurs’ Competition. Each of the two EUR1,000,000 funds being launched will provide up to EUR50,000 in equity funding to successful projects ; (iii) EUR10 million in funding for the Seed and Venture Capital sector through Enterprise Ireland as a top-up to existing funds and leveraging a combined additional pool of investment of EUR55 million, as part of commitment to innovation driven enterprises.

Ireland 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Italy 04 04 - Equity support EUR 45,000,000,000 49,778,761,062 MEF. https://www.mef.gov.it/focus/Decreto-rilancio-le-misure-per-rimettere-in-moto-il-Paese/ (accessed 21 July 2020).

May 15, EUR45 billion in equity support for companies under the Relaunch Decree .

Italy 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Japan 04 04 - Equity support JPY 12,180,000,000,000 113,521,070,501 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020); OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 6 May 2020).

An increase in the annual pace of the Bank of Japan’s purchases of Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and Japan-Real Estate Investment Trusts (J-REITs) up to about JPY12 trillion (2.2% of GDP) and JPY180 billion (0.03% of GDP), respectively.

Japan 06 06 - Budget reallocation JPY
Luxembourg 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Luxembourg 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
Maldives 04 04 - Equity support MVR
Maldives 06 06 - Budget reallocation MVR
Nepal 04 04 - Equity support NPR
Nepal 06 06 - Budget reallocation NPR
Netherlands 04 04 - Equity support EUR
Netherlands 06 06 - Budget reallocation EUR
New Zealand 04 04 - Equity support NZD
New Zealand 06 06 - Budget reallocation NZD