Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 04 04 - Equity support AFN
Afghanistan 05 05 - Health and income support AFN 8,000,000,000 101,662,492
Afghanistan 05A 05A - Health support AFN 8,000,000,000 101,662,492 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies; (ii) As of April 22, the government has already allocated a total of AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year, with about one-third directed to health;

Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 26 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines, initially to May 20, now to July 5 for individual and business taxpayers.

Armenia 04 04 - Equity support AMD
Armenia 05 05 - Health and income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610
Armenia 05A 05A - Health support AMD
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Azerbaijan 04 04 - Equity support AZN
Azerbaijan 05 05 - Health and income support AZN 1,085,000,000 638,235,294
Azerbaijan 05A 05A - Health support AZN
Azerbaijan 05B 05B - Income support AZN 1,085,000,000 638,235,294 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020).

(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary for making such stuff; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs.

European Union 05 05 - Health and income support EUR 216,199,000,000 239,158,185,841
European Union 05A 05A - Health support EUR 3,880,000,000 4,292,035,398 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR800 million of the EU Solidarity Fund will be available by including a public health crisis within its scope, with a view of mobilizing it if needed for the hardest-hit EU member states; (ii) 19 March, the Commission decided to create a European civil protection stockpile of medical equipment (initial budget of EUR50 million, proposed to increase to EUR80 million) with a 90% Commission grant; (iii) 2 April, the Commission presented legislative proposals for an Emergency Support Instrument for the healthcare sector, (EUR3 billion) from the EU budget.

European Union 05B 05B - Income support EUR 212,319,000,000 234,866,150,442 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 21 May 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_997 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) Mobilised European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to support dismissed workers and those self-employed (up to EUR179 million available in 2020); (ii) EUR100 billion to finance the short-term unemployment mechanisms through the loans provided by the EU Commision to EU member states (SURE mechanism) backed by EUR 25 billion of guarantees voluntarily committed by Member States to the EU budget. On May 20, a Regulation establishing SURE entered into force. Countries will be able to use loans also in support of some health-related measures, esp. in the workplace. SURE will become available once all Member States have provided the required guarantees proportionally to gross national income, and will remain available until end-2022 (with the possibility to adjust this deadline) ; (iii) no amount/estimate: March 19, EU Comission intends to allow State aid for struggling businesses and enable Member States to use the full flexibility foreseen under State aid rules. On May 8, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the State aid Temporary Framework to recapitalization and subordinated debt measures to further support the economy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The amended Temporary Framework will be in place until the end of December 2020, except for recapitalization measures which has an extended period by the end of June 2021. The Commission will assess before these dates if they need to be extended; (iv) March, EUR37 billion unallocated funds of cohesion policy funding 2014-2020 will be eligible for Coronavirus crisis related expenditure within the Corona Response Investment Initiative. Member States can use them to support public investment for hospitals, SMEs, labor markets, and stressed regions. The Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus (CRII+), proposed on 2 April, complements the CRII by further enhancing flexibility in the use of cohesion funds. This enhanced flexibility is inter alia provided through transfer possibilities across the three cohesion policy funds (the European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund and Cohesion Fund), transfers between the different categories of regions (e.g. less vs more developed), flexibility regarding thematic concentration, the possibility for a 100% EU co-financing rate for the accounting year 2020-2021, and simplified procedural steps; (v) European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of its three sources of funding is a grant, the A Just Transition Fund, which will receive EUR7.5 billion of fresh EU funds. In order to tap into their share of the Fund, Member States will, in dialogue with the Commission, have to identify the eligible territories through dedicated territorial just transition plans. They will also have to commit to match each euro from the Just Transition Fund with money from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Plus and provide additional national resources. Taken together, this will provide between EUR30 and EUR50 billion of funding. It will, for example, support workers to develop skills and competences for the job market of the future and help SMEs, start-ups and incubators to create new economic opportunities in these regions. It will also support investments in the clean energy transition, for example in energy efficiency. Another source of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. It will be used for loans to the public sector, for instance for investments in district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (vi) June 8, European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot fund issued grants of EUR140 million to innovative companies ; (vii) Proposed modifications to its 2020 budget to make EUR 11.5 billion available for the hardest hit regions, and to support businesses, including those outside of EU borders. These modifications are stopgap measures to provide support while waiting for the European Commission to ratify a budget containing the "Next Generation EU" recovery instrument.

Georgia 04 04 - Equity support GEL
Georgia 05 05 - Health and income support GEL 3,417,500,000 1,123,906,911
Georgia 05A 05A - Health support GEL 828,500,000 272,467,264 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

(i) May 7, Additional funds of about GEL350 million will be directed to health spending including lab testing and quarantine expenditures as well as increased costs associated with hospitalization, medical treatment, and medical supplies. (ii) GEL478.5 million for healthcare infastructure and other virus spread prevention costs. [update]

Georgia 05B 05B - Income support GEL 2,589,000,000 851,439,646 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) April 24, The ‘Anti-Crisis Economic Action Plan’ listed the government’s initiatives to support the population and businesses along with the measures already implemented or announced by the government, such as the payment for gas, electricity and utilities for the for users consuming up to 200 kW of electricity and/or up to 200 m3 natural gas monthly; (ii) The government introduced the State Program for Maintaining Prices of Primary Consumption Food Products. The program envisages subsidies for certain imported products to keep their local price stable (rice, pasta, buckwheat, sunflower oil, sugar, milk powder, beans, wheat, and wheat powder) for the period from 15 March to 15 May 2020; (iii) Bank loan service holidays for individuals; income and property tax holidays for hotels (until Nov 1, 2020); (iv) Within the frame of the new program “Co-financing Mechanism for Supporting Family-owned, Small and Medium-size Hotel Industries”, Enterprise Georgia (the agency of the Ministry of Economic and Sustainable Development of Georgia) will co-finance up to 80% of the annual interest rate on loans issued to family-owned, small and medium-sized hotels; (v) The custom clearance term for vehicles imported before 1 April 2020 was extended to 1 September 2020 for car importers; (vi) No amount/estimate: VAT refunds will become automatic and will accelerate; (vii) GEL2.589 billion in transfer payments to individuals, corporate subsidies, and tax relief [update]; (viii) No amount/estimate: Starting from January 2021, the rule of indexation of pensions will be introduced. According to this rule, the pensions will increase by at least the rate of inflation, plus a premium depending on the pensioner's age. [update]

Kazakhstan 04 04 - Equity support KZT
Kazakhstan 05 05 - Health and income support KZT 7,700,000,000,000 18,677,986,659 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020) KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/kazakhstan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 21 May 2020)

(i) The President announced a significant anti-crisis package now totaling KZT 5.9 trillion. The anti-crisis package includes cash payments to the unemployed (USD95 per month per person), a 10% increase in pension and social benefits, and additional spending to strengthen the health sector (As of May 20: (a) KZT14.8 billion for the construction of three quarantine modular complexes in Nur-Sultan, Shymkent and Almaty; (b) KZT40.6 billion for incentive measures for healthcare workers participating in quarantine activities; (iii) KZT19.5 billion for health organizations treating coronavirus patients; (c) KZT8 billion in salaries will be paid to doctors, police officers and other specialists) and support employment and business; (ii) An additional KZT1.8 trillion will be allocated to support employment under an “Employment Roadmap” program; and (iii) No amount/estimate: SMEs and individual entrepreneurs are also eligible for new tax incentives; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, VAT rate has been reduced from 12% to 8% until 1 October 2020 with the exception of food and drugstores, transportation services, consulting services and information technology.

Kazakhstan 05A 05A - Health support KZT
Kazakhstan 05B 05B - Income support KZT OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: May 20, residents in Almaty can defer utility payments for March and April until the end of 2020 with no fines or penalty. Reimbursement of utilities expenses for April and May in amount of KZT15,000 will also be provided for socially vulnerable groups.

Kyrgyz Republic 04 04 - Equity support KGS
Kyrgyz Republic 05 05 - Health and income support KGS 2,312,775,100 31,000,000
Kyrgyz Republic 05A 05A - Health support KGS 1,193,690,374 16,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 7 May 2020).

May, The authorities will safeguard health spending at around budgeted levels and create space for increasing health and other spending. In collaboration with international organizations, the authorities have recently adopted a health sector contingency plan, with an estimated cost of USD16 million to provide training for healthcare workers, procure personal protective equipment and medical tests, and to put in place a communication plan about measures to contain COVID-19.

Kyrgyz Republic 05B 05B - Income support KGS 1,119,084,726 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 May 2020).

May, To mitigate the impact on the economy, the authorities have approved the first package of anti-crisis plan (economic measures) of USD15 million including the postponement of tax payments, time-bound exemptions of property and land taxes, and temporary price controls on 11 essential food items. They are preparing a second package of economic measures of about USD540 million, including a food security program to the vulnerable groups, and subsidized credit to banks to provide funding to small and medium-size enterprises through soft loans.

Pakistan 04 04 - Equity support PKR
Pakistan 05 05 - Health and income support PKR 1,200,000,000,000 7,231,847,611 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 & 15 May, 24 June 2020); Government of Pakistan, Finance Division. http://www.finance.gov.pk/press_releases.html (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) March 24, A relief package worth PKR1.2 trillion has been announced by the federal government: (a) PKR200 billipn relief to daily wage workers, including PKR75 billion of approved cash disbursements to 6.2 million workers; (b) PKR150 billion, cash transfers to 12 million low-income families [update]; (c) PKR100 billion, accelerated tax refunds to the export industry; (d) PKR100 billion, financial support to SMEs, in the form of relief on electricity bill payments, bank lending support, and subsidies and tax incentives; (e) PKR280 billion, resources for an accelerated procurement of wheat; (f) PKR50 billion, financial support to utility stores; (g) PKR70 billion, relief in fuel prices; (h) PKR110 billion, electricity bill payments relief; (i) PKR100 billion, emergency contingency fund; (j) PKR25 billion, Transfer to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) for the purchase of necessary equipment to deal with the pandemic; (k) PKR15 billion total support for health and food supplies; (ii) June 10, The Economic Coordination Committee approved an amount of PKR480.566 million (part of the fiscal stimulus package) to cover the risk allowance of health care workers performing duties related to COVID-19; (iii) June, PKR50 billion agriculture package for farmers and crop growers (part of the PKR1.2 trillion package), likely consisting of reduction of electricity tariff for tube-wells, reduction of import duty on fertilizers, reduction of mark-up and waiver of agricultural loans, and deregulation of the import and export of agricultural products and livestock; (iv) The FY 2021 budget includes further tariff and custom duty reductions on food items, a PKR70 billion allocation for ‘COVID-19 Responsive and Other Natural Calamities Control Program’, as well as the provision of tax incentives to the construction sector to address the acute employment needs generated by the lockdowns [update].

Pakistan 05A 05A - Health support PKR
Pakistan 05B 05B - Income support PKR
Tajikistan 04 04 - Equity support TJS
Tajikistan 05 05 - Health and income support TJS 12,400,000 1,253,464
Tajikistan 05A 05A - Health support TJS CAREC Institute

No amount/estimate: May 22, The Ministry of Health Care and Social Protection was instructed to adjust operation of hospitals, outpatient facilities, healthcare centers, medical facilities, and to supply them with medicines, and modern equipment. The virology laboratory will be launched in Sughd region of Tajikistan in the next few days, where COVID-19 tests will be made.

Tajikistan 05B 05B - Income support TJS 12,400,000 1,253,464 President of the Republic of Tajikistan. http://president.tj/en/node/22895 (accessed 19 June 2020); CAREC Institute; IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 25 June 2020).

(i) May 2, President Emomali Rahmon has allocated TJS12.4 million from the Presidential Reserve to supplement the salaries of health and social protection workers for 3 months, who are directly involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 infection in medical and quarantined medical institutions [update]; (ii) No amount/estimate: May 19, The President sent an assistance package to the Sughd Privince. The package consists of 900 tons of food to provide socioeconomic support for doctors and those infected with COVID-19; June: (iii) No amount estimate: The Government is to provide lumpsum assistance equivalent to the minimum wage to vulnerable households and other socially disadvantaged groups. Health workers are also expected to receive supplemental pay; (iv) Tariff increases on electricity, water, and communal services have been postponed until end of 2020; (v) Government is providing free medical care to citizens placed under medical care and COVID-19 patients, as well as sick leave and compensation benefits; (vi) Government provided time-bound tax holidays and relief to targeted industries and small businesses until September 1, 2020 [update].

Turkmenistan 04 04 - Equity support TMT
Turkmenistan 05 05 - Health and income support TMT