Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 04 04 - Equity support AFN
Afghanistan 05 05 - Health and income support AFN 8,000,000,000 101,662,492
Afghanistan 05A 05A - Health support AFN 8,000,000,000 101,662,492 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

(i) The government has so far allocated AFN1.9 billion (0.1% of GDP) in the budget for emergency health needs, such as (a) establishing testing labs, including at border crossings, (b) setting up special wards to boost hospitalization and care capacity, and (c) procuring the most critical medical supplies; (ii) As of April 22, the government has already allocated a total of AFN8 billion (0.5% of GDP) for emergency pandemic response. The authorities plan to spend about 2% of GDP for critical pandemic-related spending during the year, with about one-third directed to health;

Afghanistan 05B 05B - Income support AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: To ease tax compliance, the government extended filing deadlines by 2 months, until May 20 for individual and business taxpayers.

Afghanistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AFN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 6 May 2020)

(i) Screening at ports of entry, quarantine for infected people, and closure of public places for gathering; (ii) Quarantine for infected people; (iii) Closure of public places for gathering; (iv) Social distancing measures, including a three-week lockdown of Kabul (March 28) and Ghazni (April 1) and restricting daily movements to those deemed essentiall (v) Extended the border closures until April 9; (vi) Social distancing measures have included 20 provinces, including Kabul and some other cities, instituting lockdown measures, extended for two weeks on April 12; (vii) social distancing measures have been extended for 3 weeks on April 17; (viii) Both Houses of Afghanistan’s parliament were put on lockdown on April 29 until end of the national lockdown; (ix) The government also released over 5,300 prisoners to reduce the risk of mass infections in penitentiaries.

Armenia 04 04 - Equity support AMD
Armenia 05 05 - Health and income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610
Armenia 05A 05A - Health support AMD
Armenia 05B 05B - Income support AMD 30,000,000,000 61,348,610 Asbarez. http://asbarez.com/193112/pashinyan-unveils-economic-aid-package-amid-state-of-emergency/ (accessed 16 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Subsidize the interest rates of co-financed loans for companies that borrow money from Armenian banks in the national currency to pay salaries, taxes, bills and purchase raw materials; (ii) a package of AMD30 billion (over USD60 million) for urgent social assistance for the impoverished. See Measure 9: No breakdown.

Armenia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AMD IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 10 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: The government declared a national state of emergency on March 16, and imposed strict containment measures, including school closures, travel bans on foreign citizens from high risk countries, and imposed fines to those who violate isolation orders during the state of emergency. The state of emergency will be in place until June 14 and encompass movement restrictions. Effective May 4, the movement restrictions are removed and almost all business activities are allowed to operate. This decision is considered a test and stricter restrictions may be implemented again depending on the spread of the virus. Effective June 4, the government declared wearing a face mask in all open public spaces mandatory. [update]

Azerbaijan 04 04 - Equity support AZN
Azerbaijan 05 05 - Health and income support AZN 1,093,500,000 643,235,294
Azerbaijan 05A 05A - Health support AZN 8,500,000 5,000,000 World Health Organization (WHO). http://www.euro.who.int/en/countries/azerbaijan/news/news/2020/3/azerbaijan-steps-up-covid-19-preparedness-and-readiness-measures,-welcoming-who-mission (accessed 15 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) March, Azerbaijan is contributing to global efforts to address COVID-19, coordinating with neighboring countries, and has pledged USD5 million to World Health Organization's strategic preparedness and response plan.

Azerbaijan 05B 05B - Income support AZN 1,085,000,000 638,235,294 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020); Caspian News. https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-takes-measures-to-mitigate-covid-19-impact-on-economy-social-life-2020-4-6-1/ (accessed 15 April 2020); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). https://www.ebrd.com/news/2020/ebrd-and-azerbaijans-central-bank-promote-manat-lending-to-coronavirushit-firms.html (accessed 27 May 2020).

(i) April 6, AZN1 billion (USD588 million) for the government's subsidization of 10% of the interest for one year of existing company loans; (ii) No amount/estimate: April, Tax exemptions for micro-enterprises and value-added tax (VAT) exemption for some food and medicinal products, as well as the raw materials that are necessary for making such stuff; (iii) No amount/estimate: Lump-sum payments in the amount of living wage - AZN190 (USD112) to 200,000 unemployed citizens of the country. The payment is considered for two months. The social package aims to relieve the impact of the novel coronavirus on the social life of people by multiple tools, including creation of 50,000 paid public jobs, tuition support program for students from socially vulnerable families, financial support program for mortgage and credit guarantee mechanism, program to support communal fees, primarily for electricity consumption of the population, and financial support program for vital passenger transport activities; (iv) May 19, USD50 million, or about AZN85 million (of the USD200 million swap with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)) is allocated as support to local firms, including smaller viable enterprises experiencing temporary difficulties.

Azerbaijan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 11 June 2020).

(i) To contain the spread of COVID-19, the authorities have introduced a special quarantine regime (until June 15) [update]. It includes border closures, required quarantine of returning citizens, prohibition of mass gatherings, and restriction on domestic movements; (ii) The COVID-19 Operational Headquarters has been created under the Cabinet of Ministers, and working groups within various ministries and the CBA have been tasked with developing specific measures. These restrictions are being slowly relaxed starting May 4.

European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Central Bank 05 05 - Health and income support EUR
European Central Bank 05A 05A - Health support EUR
European Central Bank 05B 05B - Income support EUR
European Central Bank 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures EUR
Georgia 04 04 - Equity support GEL
Georgia 05 05 - Health and income support GEL 350,000,000 115,103,853
Georgia 05A 05A - Health support GEL 350,000,000 115,103,853 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

May 7, Additional funds of about GEL350 million will be directed to health spending including lab testing and quarantine expenditures as well as increased costs associated with hospitalization, medical treatment, and medical supplies.

Georgia 05B 05B - Income support GEL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 7 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) April 24, The ‘Anti-Crisis Economic Action Plan’ listed the government’s initiatives to support the population and businesses along with the measures already implemented or announced by the government, such as the payment for gas, electricity and utilities for the for users consuming up to 200 kW of electricity and/or up to 200 m3 natural gas monthly; (ii) The government introduced the State Program for Maintaining Prices of Primary Consumption Food Products. The program envisages subsidies for certain imported products to keep their local price stable (rice, pasta, buckwheat, sunflower oil, sugar, milk powder, beans, wheat, and wheat powder) for the period from 15 March to 15 May 2020; (iii) Bank loan service holidays for individuals; income and property tax holidays for hotels (until Nov 1, 2020); (iv) Within the frame of the new program “Co-financing Mechanism for Supporting Family-owned, Small and Medium-size Hotel Industries”, Enterprise Georgia (the agency of the Ministry of Economic and Sustainable Development of Georgia) will co-finance up to 80% of the annual interest rate on loans issued to family-owned, small and medium-sized hotels; (v) The custom clearance term for vehicles imported before 1 April 2020 was extended to 1 September 2020 for car importers; and (vi) VAT refunds will become automatic and will accelerate.

Georgia 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures GEL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 1 May 2020); WTO. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 10 June 2020).

(i) The government has declared a national state of emergency (lifted since May 22) and adopted containment measures, including social distancing, lock down of high-risk districts, closure of border crossing, travel ban for foreign visitors, quarantine for nationals returning to Georgia, closure of shops (other than groceries and gas stations) and schools. Domestic tourism will open on June 15th; international tourism will re-open on July 1st and international flights will resume accordingly [update]; (ii) Unauthorized private vehicle movement was prohibited Intercity until April 27, while intracity public transport movement is still prohibited; (iii) A mandatory curfew is now in place, requiring the population to remain indoors from 21:00 to 06:00; (iv) All individuals must carry an identity document when outside of their dwelling (on foot or otherwise). Stricter restrictions on movement are in place for individuals aged 70 and above; (v) Other forms of economic activity, including tourism, has come to a standstill. As of May 5, construction, production of construction materials, carwash, computer and equipment repair shops, and parks will open; (vi) Effective 3 April 2020 to 10 May 2020, Temporary export ban on diagnostic or laboratory reagents on a backing, prepared diagnostic or laboratory reagents whether or not on a backing, etc.

Kazakhstan 04 04 - Equity support KZT
Kazakhstan 05 05 - Health and income support KZT 7,700,000,000,000 18,677,986,659 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020). OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020) KPMG. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2020/04/kazakhstan-government-and-institution-measures-in-response-to-covid.html (accessed 21 May 2020)

(i) The President announced a significant anti-crisis package now totaling KZT 5.9 trillion. The anti-crisis package includes cash payments to the unemployed (USD95 per month per person), a 10% increase in pension and social benefits, and additional spending to strengthen the health sector (As of May 20: (a) KZT14.8 billion for the construction of three quarantine modular complexes in Nur-Sultan, Shymkent and Almaty; (b) KZT40.6 billion for incentive measures for healthcare workers participating in quarantine activities; (iii) KZT19.5 billion for health organizations treating coronavirus patients; (c) KZT8 billion in salaries will be paid to doctors, police officers and other specialists) and support employment and business; (ii) An additional KZT1.8 trillion will be allocated to support employment under an “Employment Roadmap” program; and (iii) No amount/estimate: SMEs and individual entrepreneurs are also eligible for new tax incentives; (iv) No amount/estimate: May 14, VAT rate has been reduced from 12% to 8% until 1 October 2020 with the exception of food and drugstores, transportation services, consulting services and information technology.

Kazakhstan 05A 05A - Health support KZT
Kazakhstan 05B 05B - Income support KZT OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 1 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: May 20, residents in Almaty can defer utility payments for March and April until the end of 2020 with no fines or penalty. Reimbursement of utilities expenses for April and May in amount of KZT15,000 will also be provided for socially vulnerable groups.

Kazakhstan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KZT OECD. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 21 May 2020). IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 28 May 2020)

(i) April 21, Kazakhstan bans livestock export for 6 months; April 27: (ii) The quarantine regime is extended until 11 May. The government is preparing a plan to ease the measures in cities and regions where the situation with the virus is under control; (iii) Flights between Nur-Sultan and Almaty will start operating starting from May 1; (iv) The schooling has been moved online, and will last after May 11, however technical difficulties have been reported; (v) The State Commission On Ensuring the State of Emergency is preparing a list of businesses that will resume their activities, which includes industrial enterprises, construction and road construction companies, transport companies, banks and public service centres; (vi) April 30, The city of Almaty announced that Almaty residents are authorised to move to their countryside houses (datcha) and to go to city's playgrounds and parks under certain time and people restrictions; (vii) The state of emergency has been lifted as of May 11. Quarantine is maintained but measures will be gradually relaxed; (viii) Internal flights have resumed, but borders remain closed to non-citizens, as well as international flights from Covid-19 affected countries; (ix) The visa exemption for 56 countries (including EU and France) has been suspended until 1 November; (x) As of May 20, WHO has approved a Kazakh COVID-19 vaccine for preclinical trials; (xi) Cash withdrawals limits will be temporarily imposed on legal entities starting early June. A pilot biometric information center has been launched to help banks identify customers in order to provide remote banking services.

Kyrgyz Republic 04 04 - Equity support KGS
Kyrgyz Republic 05 05 - Health and income support KGS 2,312,775,100 31,000,000
Kyrgyz Republic 05A 05A - Health support KGS 1,193,690,374 16,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 7 May 2020).

May, The authorities will safeguard health spending at around budgeted levels and create space for increasing health and other spending. In collaboration with international organizations, the authorities have recently adopted a health sector contingency plan, with an estimated cost of USD16 million to provide training for health-care workers, procure personal protective equipment and medical tests, and to put in place a communication plan about measures to contain COVID-19.

Kyrgyz Republic 05B 05B - Income support KGS 1,119,084,726 15,000,000 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 14 May 2020).

May, To mitigate the impact on the economy, the authorities have approved the first package of anti-crisis plan economic measures of USD15 million including the postponement of tax payments, time-bound exemptions of property and land taxes, and temporary price controls on 11 essential food items. They are preparing a second package of economic measures of about USD540 million, including support food security program to the vulnerable groups, and subsidized credit to banks to provide funding to small and medium-size enterprises through soft loans.

Kyrgyz Republic 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures KGS World Trade Organization (WTO). https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/covid19_e/trade_related_goods_measure_e.htm (accessed 19 April 2020); IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accesed 13 April 2020, 17 May 2020, 26 May 2020); CAREC Institute (accessed 26 May 2020, 11 June 2020).

(i) Effective March 22 for 6 months (a) temporary export ban on wipes, other antibacterial products, and disinfectants, and (b) temporary export ban on certain food products like wheat, meslin, etc.; (ii) April, The authorities have taken drastic measures to prevent the outbreak including (a) the closure of borders with People's Republic of China where 36% of imports of goods originate, (b) border restrictions with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, (c) the quarantine of people coming from abroad, (d) a lockdown of all non-essential activities, and (e) a curfew; (iii) May 10, The state of emergency ended and the curfew was lifted while the quarantine regime will work until the stabilization of the epidemiological situation; (iv) May 21, Large shopping centers will open; (v) May 25, Public transport will open; (vi) May 25, Cafes and restaurants fitting no more than 50 people will be allowed to resume operation in Bishkek; (vii) From June 5, domestic flights and public transport between the regions of Kyrgyzstan re-started [update]; (viii) From June 8, restriction on visits to religious institutions is lifted [update].

Pakistan 04 04 - Equity support PKR
Pakistan 05 05 - Health and income support PKR 1,200,000,000,000 7,231,847,611 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 & 15 May 2020); Government of Pakistan, Finance Division. http://www.finance.gov.pk/press_releases.html (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) March 24, A relief package worth PKR1.2 trillion has been announced by the federal government: (a) PKR200 billipn relief to daily wage workers, including PKR75 billion of approved cash disbursements to 6.2 million workers; (b) PKR150 billion, cash transfers to low-income families; (c) PKR100 billion, accelerated tax refunds to the export industry; (d) PKR100 billion, financial support to SMEs, in the form of relief on electricity bill payments, bank lending support, and subsidies and tax incentives; (e) PKR280 billion, resources for an accelerated procurement of wheat; (f) PKR50 billion, financial support to utility stores; (g) PKR70 billion, relief in fuel prices; (h) PKR110 billion, electricity bill payments relief; (i) PKR100 billion, emergency contingency fund; (j) PKR25 billion, Transfer to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) for the purchase of necessary equipment to deal with the pandemic; (k) PKR15 billion total support for health and food supplies; (ii) June 10, The Economic Coordination Committee approved an amount of PKR480.566 million (part of the fiscal stimulus package) to cover the risk allowance of health care workers performing duties related to COVID-19 [update]; (iii) June, PKR50 billion agriculture package for farmers and crop growers (part of the PKR1.2 trillion package), likely consisting of reduction of electricity tariff for tube-wells, reduction of import duty on fertilizers, reduction of mark-up and waiver of agricultural loans, and deregulation of the import and export of agricultural products and livestock [update].

Pakistan 05A 05A - Health support PKR
Pakistan 05B 05B - Income support PKR
Pakistan 12 12 - Non-Economic Measures PKR IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 8 May 2020; 15 May 2020); Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-pakistan-lockdown/coronavirus-not-a-pandemic-in-pakistan-says-top-court-ordering-curbs-lifted-idUSKBN22U2NV (accessed 26 May 2020); Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2231109/1-pakistan-resumes-international-flight-operations-may-30/ (accessed 1 June 2020); The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2233418/1-pm-imran-bats-unlocking-economy-eases-coronavirus-lockdown/ (accessed 2 June 2020).

(i) Quarantines in localized areas; (ii) Closed borders with neighboring countries; (iii) International travel restrictions; (iv) School and university closures; (v) Cancellation and banning of public events; (vi) Social distancing measures; (vii) Varying levels of lockdown in cities and provinces across the country; (viii) The federal government in coordination with provinces had partially eased the lockdown since April 15, by allowing ‘low-risk industries’ to restart operation with newly developed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). This partial lockdown will be further eased on May 9, to allow the opening of several industrial units and small retail shops in phases and using proper SOPs. Educational institutes are expected to reopen starting July 15; (ix) May 19, The Supreme Court ordered the government to lift some remaining restrictions imposed on business, in particular shopping malls be reopened and curbs to be lifted on business opening on the weekends; (x) May 29, The country resumes international flight operations; (xi) June 2, the government announced that all the businesses would be open except the ones that are considered in the negative list [update].

Tajikistan 04 04 - Equity support TJS
Tajikistan 05 05 - Health and income support TJS