Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Japan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending JPY
Japan 03A 03A - Long-term lending JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 6 May 2020)

Concessional loans from public and private financial institutions (included in the amount of the Emergency Economic Package Against COVID-19; see Measure 5).

Japan 03B 03B - Forbearance JPY
Netherlands 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 1,365,000,000 1,509,955,752
Netherlands 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 1,365,000,000 1,509,955,752 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020). Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ministerie-van-economische-zaken-en-klimaat/nieuws/2020/05/28/uitbreiding-op-ondernemersregelingen-noodpakket-banen-en-economie (accessed 29 May 2020). NL Government. https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/news/2020/06/26/government-offers-financial-support-to-klm-as-a-result-of-the-corona-crisis (accessed 29 June 2020) European Commission. https://nltimes.nl/2020/05/29/government-backs-travel-vouchers-refunds-another-eu150-million (accessed 31 July 2020

(i) EUR200 million available for bridging loans to start-ups, scale-ups and innovative small and medium enterprises. These loans will be provided through regional development companies in the Netherlands; (ii) Loans at reduced interest rates are available under the scheme in (ii) of Non-health, Measure 5; (iii) June 26, EUR1 billion in direct loans to KLM Airlines, to be given in tranches through to 2025; (iv) EUR165 million in subsidized loans to the five Dutch Travel Guarantee Funds that operate package travel guarantee schemes, subject to the following conditions: (a) the reduced interest rates will be above the minimum levels set in the Temporary Framework; (b) the loan contracts will be signed by 31 December 2020 at the latest; and (c) the maturity of the loans will not exceed six years.

Netherlands 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020). Rijksoverheid. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2020/06/16/kabinet-treft-maatregelen-om-toename-mensen-met-schulden-op-te-vangen (accessed 18 June 2020)

(i) No amount/estimate: The banking sector has responded by giving an automatic 6-month payment holiday (interest and amortisation) for all business loans of less than EUR2.5 million; (ii) No amount/estimate: Ban on forced home sales of homeowners who are temporarily unable to meet their mortgage obligations due to the corona crisis until 1 July (7 April) and automatic extension of temporary rent contracts until the end of June (8 April); (iii) No amount/estimate: June 17, Proposed the temporary deferral of debt payments by four months.

United Kingdom 03 03 - Direct long-term lending GBP 520,000,000 643,813,182
United Kingdom 03A 03A - Long-term lending GBP 520,000,000 643,813,182 Bank of England. https://bit.ly/3fGui67 (accessed 13 April 2020); Bank of England. https://bit.ly/37JL1CO (accessed 13 April 2020); GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/157-billion-investment-to-protect-britains-world-class-cultural-arts-and-heritage-institutions (accessed 12 July 2020).

(i) May 20, Future Fund is launched. To bolster high-tech start-ups, the new GBP500 million Future Fund provides between GBP125,000 and GBP5 million for UK based-business as long as the cash is matched by private investors (i.e. government is committing GBP250 million, with the other GBP250 million expected to be raised by the private sector). The scheme is initially open until September and will be delivered by the British Business Bank. If the government loan is not repaid within three years, it gets automatically converted into an equity stake at 20% discount to the valuation set in the next funding round; (ii) July 5, The package in support for cultural organisations includes GBP270 million of repayable finance.

United Kingdom 03B 03B - Forbearance GBP Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). https://bit.ly/317ekOe (accessed 15 April 2020); FCA. https://www.fca.org.uk/news/press-releases/fca-confirms-further-support-motor-finance-and-high-cost-credit-customers (accessed 16 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) April 9, The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) introduced a package of targeted temporary measures to support customers affected by coronavirus, including by setting the expectation for firms to offer a payment freeze on loans and credit cards for up to three months; (ii) July 15, The FCA has confirmed the support that will be available for users of motor finance, buy-now pay-later (BNPL), rent-to-own (RTO), pawnbroking and high-cost short-term credit (HCSTC) products, who continue to face payment difficulties due to COVID-19. Measures include: (a) Firms should contact customers if they can resume payments – and if so, agree a plan on how the missed payments could be repaid, (b) For customers with still payment difficulties, firms will freeze or reduce payments to a level they can afford, on their motor finance, BNPL or RTO agreements for a further 3 months, (c) Customers that have not yet had a payment freeze or requested an extension of an existing payment freeze can request this up until 31 October 2020, (d) HCSTC customers can only apply for a payment freeze under this guidance once up to 31 October 2020, (e) The ban on repossessions will continue until 31 October 2020, and (f) Any payment freezes or partial payment freezes offered under this guidance should not have a negative impact on credit files.

Japan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending JPY
Japan 03A 03A - Long-term lending JPY IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

Concessional loans from public and private financial institutions (included in the amount of the Emergency Economic Package Against COVID-19 of JPY108.2 trillion).

Japan 03B 03B - Forbearance JPY
Netherlands 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 100,000,000 110,619,469
Netherlands 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 100,000,000 110,619,469 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) EUR100 million available for bridging loans to start-ups, scale-ups and innovative small and medium enterprises. These loans will be provided through regional development companies in the Netherlands; (ii) Loans at reduced interest rates are available under the scheme in (ii) of Non-health, Measure 4;

Netherlands 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/ (accessed 15 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: the banking sector has responded by giving an automatic 6-month payment holiday (interest and amortisation) for all business loans of less than EUR2.5 million; (ii) no amount/estimate: ban on forced home sales of homeowners who are temporarily unable to meet their mortgage obligations due to the corona crisis until 1 July (7 April) and automatic extension of temporary rent contracts until the end of June (8 April).

United Kingdom 03 03 - Direct long-term lending GBP 250,000,000 309,405,941
United Kingdom 03A 03A - Long-term lending GBP 250,000,000 309,405,941 Bank of England. https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/market-notices/2020/term-funding-scheme-market-notice-mar-2020 (accessed 13 April 2020); Bank of England. https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/news/2020/march/boe-measures-to-respond-to-the-economic-shock-from-covid-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

(i) May 20, Future Fund is launched. To bolster high-tech start-ups, the new GBP500 million Future Fund provides between GBP125,000 and GBP5 million for UK based-business as long as the cash is matched by private investors (i.e. government is committing GBP250 million, with the other GBP250 million expected to be raised by the private sector). The scheme is initially open until September and will be delivered by the British Business Bank. If the government loan is not repaid within three years, it gets automatically converted into an equity stake at 20% discount to the valuation set in the next funding round; (ii) July 5, The package in support for cultural organisations includes GBP270 million of repayable finance.

United Kingdom 03B 03B - Forbearance GBP Financial Conduct Authority. https://www.fca.org.uk/print/news/press-releases/fca-confirms-temporary-financial-relief-customers-impacted-coronavirus (accessed 15 April 2020)

No amount/estimate: April 9, The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) introduced a package of targeted temporary measures to support customers affected by coronavirus, including by setting the expectation for firms to offer a payment freeze on loans and credit cards for up to three months.