Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
Afghanistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 03B 03B - Forbearance AFN
Armenia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03A 03A - Long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03B 03B - Forbearance AMD
Azerbaijan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AZN
Azerbaijan 03A 03A - Long-term lending AZN
Azerbaijan 03B 03B - Forbearance AZN IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 July 2020).

No amount/estimate: April 23, The CBA announced a moratorium on late fees and interest rate penalties.

European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Union 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 472,280,000,000 522,433,628,319
European Union 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 472,280,000,000 522,433,628,319 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/about/initiatives/covid-19-response/index.htm (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-197-eib-approves-eur-16-6-billion-for-covid-19-health-response-and-economic-resilience-climate-clean-transport-energy-and-housing (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-199-eib-provides-eur205-million-to-adif-alta-velocidad-to-promote-the-development-of-rail-infrastructure-in-spain (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-198-italy-eib-provides-eur300-million-to-autonomous-province-of-trento-for-sustainable-projects-and-post-covid-19-reconstruction (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-200-eib-backs-826-mw-mytilineos-power-plant-to-support-greek-energy-transition (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-213-eib-supports-the-reconstruction-of-major-roads-in-montenegro-with-eur40-million (accessed 8 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-216-team-europe-the-eib-s-lends-eur-10-million-to-credo-bank-under-its-georgia-outreach-initiative-to-support-msmes (accessed 8 August 2020).

(i) March, the EIB dedicated EUR 10 billion in asset-backed securities (ABS) purchasing programs to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of SME loans; (ii) 9 April, EU finance ministers decided to establish Pandemic Crisis Support credit lines within the framework of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). Access granted will be 2% of the respective country's GDP as of end-2019, as a benchmark (about EUR 240 billion in total). The credit line will be available until the COVID-19 crisis is over. The only requirement to access the credit line is that euro area Member States requesting support would commit to use this credit line to finance direct and indirect healthcare, cure and prevention related costs due to the COVID 19 crisis. On May 15, the Board of Governors of the ESM approved the establishment of Pandemic Crisis Support ; (iii) No amount/estimate: European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of the three sources of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. For investments in, for instance, district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (iv) April 24, Approved EUR 5 billion in new financing for businesses affected by the coronavirus, and for the development of medica ltechnology. EUR3 billion was dedicated to businesses in Spain and Italy. The approval represents an extension of the loan package first identified on March 16, 2020; (v) May 26, the Board of Directors of the European Investment Bank (EIB) agreed on the structure and business approach of the new Pan-European Guarantee Fund (EGF) to tackle the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. It will enable the EIB Group to scale up its support for mostly small and medium-sized European companies, providing up to EUR200 billion of additional financing. Under this scheme, EIB in July 15 and 13 respectively, financed ZANINI Auto Group's innovation strategy with EUR25 million loan and provided Santander (Spanish commercial bank) with EUR757 million to help support SMEs and mid-caps ; (vi) July 15, EIB approves EUR16.6 billion for COVID-19 health response and economic resilience, climate, clean transport, energy and housing ; (vii) July 21, EIB provided EUR205 million in loans to Adif Alta Velocidad (Spanish rail network) to promote the development of rail infrastructure ; (viii) July 21, EIB provided EUR300 million in loans to the Autonomous Province of Trento for sustainable projects and post-COVID-19 reconstruction; (ix) July 22, EIB provided EUR125 million in loans for Greece's 826 MW Mytilineos power plant to support energy transition; (x) July 31, EIB signed a second tranche worth EUR40 million for the rehabilitation of 180 kilometres of road along the five main routes in Montenegro. The loan from the EU bank is complemented by a EUR1.5 million technical assistance grant awarded under the Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI). It is the first ERI grant to be awarded to a project in the Western Balkans. The total EIB investment worth EUR80 million is expected to increase road safety and efficiency and facilitate faster economic recovery and regional trade ; (xi) August 3, the EIB will lend EUR10 million in synthetic local currency to Credo Bank, the leading actor on microfinance market in Georgia predominantly servicing enterprises in rural areas and agricultural sector. This is the second loan under the EIB's Georgia Outreach Initiative launched to improve access to finance for the country's MSMEs. Loans will be available under flexible terms to help maintain liquidity of MSMEs to continue operating and preserve jobs. The loan comes as a part of the immediate response to Covid-19 pandemic launched by the EU and its Team Europe and is facilitated by an EU grant .

European Union 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
Georgia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending GEL
Georgia 03A 03A - Long-term lending GEL
Georgia 03B 03B - Forbearance GEL IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 24 June 2020).

No amount/estimate: Bank loan service holidays for individuals was prolonged for 3 more months for those borrowers who asked for extension.

Kazakhstan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending KZT 360,000,000,000 873,256,519
Kazakhstan 03A 03A - Long-term lending KZT
Kazakhstan 03B 03B - Forbearance KZT 360,000,000,000 873,256,519 IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 13 April 2020).

(i) No amount/estimate: Banks have been requested to allow loan repayments deferrals until mid-June and refrain from charging penalties for borrowers affected by the emergency; and (ii) April 27, More than 1.6 million citizens and 11,000 SMEs received deferral on loan payments in the amount of KZT360 billion.

Kyrgyz Republic 03 03 - Direct long-term lending KGS 744,000,000 9,972,435
Kyrgyz Republic 03A 03A - Long-term lending KGS 744,000,000 9,972,435 Ministry of Finance. http://www.minfin.gov.kg/ru/novosti/novosti/gorodu-bishkek-budet-vydeleno-besprotsentnoy-byudz (accessed 28 June 2020).

June 22, The Ministry of Finance, in cooperation with the Mayor's Office of Bishkek in accordance with the Budget Code of the Kyrgyz Republic, decided to allocate an interest-free budget loan to the city of Bishkek in the amount of KGS744 million to pay salaries and leave of the teachers working in educational institutions of the city of Bishkek.

Kyrgyz Republic 03B 03B - Forbearance KGS
Pakistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending PKR 814,421,000,000 4,908,140,469
Pakistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending PKR
Pakistan 03B 03B - Forbearance PKR 814,421,000,000 4,908,140,469 State Bank of Pakistan. http://www.sbp.org.pk/corona.asp (accesssed 24 April 2020); State Bank of Pakistan. http://www.sbp.org.pk/corona-update.html (accessed 7 August 2020; 22 August2020); State Bank of Pakistan. http://www.sbp.org.pk/press/2020/Pr-07-Jul-20.pdf (accessed 9 July 2020); State Bank of Pakistan (accessed 11 August 2020); State Bank of Pakistan. http://www.sbp.org.pk/press/2020/Pr-20-Aug-20.pdf (accessed 22 August 2020).

(i) April 20, Borrowers from corporate, consumer, agriculture, SMEs, and microfinance sectors can avail deferment of principal amount for one year while continue servicing mark up. July 7, the State Bank of Pakistan extends the availability of deferment of principal amount of loans facility until September. This applies to Small & Medium Enterprise Financing, Consumer Financing, Housing Finance, Agriculture Finance and Micro financing only. The facility is not being extended to corporates and commercial borrowers since a significant amount of their loans and advances has already been deferred. August 10, the SBP relief package for microfinance banks, which included deferment of principal and restructuring of microfinance loans to deal with the adverse implications of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, have been expanded with additional measures. First, the relief measures that were earlier available from Feb 15, 2020 have now been allowed to borrowers who were regular on December 31, 2019. Second, to facilitate microfinance banks (MFBs) during these testing times, the provisioning requirements have been extended by 2 months; and third, client’s consent through recorded lines has been allowed to facilitate the customers to avail the relief package [update]. As of August 13, PKR171.159 billion was the amount approved for restructuring/rescheduling, while PKR643.262 billion was the amount of principal approved for deferment up to one year [update]; (ii) No amount/estimate: SBP extends time for settlement of foreign currency loans amid COVID-19 pandemic. Banks can now allow extension up to 180 days to exporters in settlement of their FE-25 loans in case they are facing delay in realization of export proceeds due to COVID-19 [update].

Tajikistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending TJS
Tajikistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: June, Government plans to disburse preferential loans to food and medical supply producing companies through the Fund for State Support to Entrepreneurship.

Tajikistan 03B 03B - Forbearance TJS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19 (accessed 19 August 2020).

No amount/estimate: June, The NBT recommended the banks to consider restructuring (i.e., extending maturity) loans that face temporary hardship.

Turkmenistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending TMT
Turkmenistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending TMT
Turkmenistan 03B 03B - Forbearance TMT
Uzbekistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending UZS
Uzbekistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending UZS
Uzbekistan 03B 03B - Forbearance UZS IMF. https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#U (accessed 8 May 2020).

No amount/estimate: (i) The Central Bank suggested banks defer loan payments for firms in sectors affected by COVID-19; (ii) State-owned banks are extending maturities of loan repayments for the affected sectors, including for the national air carrier.

Afghanistan 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 03A 03A - Long-term lending AFN
Afghanistan 03B 03B - Forbearance AFN
Armenia 03 03 - Direct long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03A 03A - Long-term lending AMD
Armenia 03B 03B - Forbearance AMD