Economy Measure Code Measure Currency Code Amount (Local) Amount (USD) Source Details
European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Union 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 246,845,000,000 273,058,628,319
European Union 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 246,845,000,000 273,058,628,319 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/about/initiatives/covid-19-response/index.htm (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-197-eib-approves-eur-16-6-billion-for-covid-19-health-response-and-economic-resilience-climate-clean-transport-energy-and-housing (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-199-eib-provides-eur205-million-to-adif-alta-velocidad-to-promote-the-development-of-rail-infrastructure-in-spain (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-198-italy-eib-provides-eur300-million-to-autonomous-province-of-trento-for-sustainable-projects-and-post-covid-19-reconstruction (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-200-eib-backs-826-mw-mytilineos-power-plant-to-support-greek-energy-transition (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-213-eib-supports-the-reconstruction-of-major-roads-in-montenegro-with-eur40-million (accessed 8 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-216-team-europe-the-eib-s-lends-eur-10-million-to-credo-bank-under-its-georgia-outreach-initiative-to-support-msmes (accessed 8 August 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-237-italy-eib-lends-eur500m-to-the-lazio-region-for-smes-mid-caps-infrastructure-environment-and-post-covid-19-recovery (accessed 18 September 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-238-eib-and-idf-sign-eur50-million-loan-to-support-faster-post-covid-recovery-of-smes-and-mid-caps-in-montenegro (accessed 19 September 2020); ECB. https://www.bankingsupervision.europa.eu/press/pr/date/2020/html/ssm.pr200917~eaa01392ca.en.html (accessed 19 September 2020); ECB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-242-eib-approves-eur-12-6-billion-financing-for-transport-clean-energy-urban-development-and-covid-19-resilience (accessed 19 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_1773 (accessed 3 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-254-eib-and-hbor-agree-on-covid-19-recovery-package-for-croatian-smes-and-mid-caps (accessed 13 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-274-eib-approves-eur-5-1-billion-for-covid-19-resilience-clean-energy-rail-transport-and-urban-development (accessed 17 October 2020).

(i) March, the EIB dedicated EUR10 billion in asset-backed securities (ABS) purchasing programs to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of SME loans; (ii) April 24, Approved EUR5 billion in new financing for businesses affected by the coronavirus, and for the development of medical technology. EUR3 billion was dedicated to businesses in Spain and Italy. The approval represents an extension of the loan package first identified on March 16, 2020; (iii) May 26, the Board of Directors of the European Investment Bank (EIB) agreed on the structure and business approach of the new Pan-European Guarantee Fund (EGF) to tackle the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. It will enable the EIB Group to scale up its support for mostly small and medium-sized European companies, providing up to EUR200 billion of additional financing. Under this scheme, EIB in July 15 and 13 respectively, financed ZANINI Auto Group's innovation strategy with EUR25 million loan and provided Santander (Spanish commercial bank) with EUR757 million to help support SMEs and mid-caps ; (iv) July 15, EIB approves EUR16.6 billion (of which EUR1.9 billion is for Egypt's transport and SME sectors) for COVID-19 health response and economic resilience, climate, clean transport, energy and housing ; (v) July 21, EIB provided EUR205 million in loans to Adif Alta Velocidad (Spanish rail network) to promote the development of rail infrastructure ; (vi) July 21, EIB provided EUR300 million in loans to the Autonomous Province of Trento for sustainable projects and post-COVID-19 reconstruction; (vii) July 22, EIB provided EUR125 million in loans for Greece's 826 MW Mytilineos power plant to support energy transition; (viii) July 31, EIB signed a second tranche worth EUR40 million for the rehabilitation of 180 kilometres of road along the five main routes in Montenegro. The loan from the EU bank is complemented by a EUR1.5 million technical assistance grant awarded under the Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI). It is the first ERI grant to be awarded to a project in the Western Balkans. The total EIB investment worth EUR80 million is expected to increase road safety and efficiency and facilitate faster economic recovery and regional trade; (ix) September 11, EIB lends EUR500 million to the Lazio Region for SMEs, mid-caps, infrastructure, environment and post COVID-19 recovery ; (x) September 14, Montenegrin SMEs and mid-caps in tourism and other sectors severely affected COVID-19 will benefit from EUR50 million loan that the EIB has signed with the Montenegrin Investment and Development Fund ; (xi) September 18, EIB approves EUR12.6 billion financing for transport, clean energy, urban development and COVID-19 resilience; (xii) October 1, The EIB Group has provided a mezzanine tranche guarantee of around EUR125 million to Germany’s Commerzbank AG on loans to SMEs and mid-caps to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis ; (xiii) October 1, The EIB will invest EUR100 million to support COVID-19 recovery of Croatian SMEs and mid-caps; (xiv) October 13, EIB approved a EUR1 billion direct lending to support for companies and health investment in EU member states most impacted by COVID-19 and a EUR2.1 billion to support private sector investment with global financing partners.

European Union 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group.

European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Union 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 246,845,000,000 273,058,628,319
European Union 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 246,845,000,000 273,058,628,319 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/about/initiatives/covid-19-response/index.htm (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-197-eib-approves-eur-16-6-billion-for-covid-19-health-response-and-economic-resilience-climate-clean-transport-energy-and-housing (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-199-eib-provides-eur205-million-to-adif-alta-velocidad-to-promote-the-development-of-rail-infrastructure-in-spain (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-198-italy-eib-provides-eur300-million-to-autonomous-province-of-trento-for-sustainable-projects-and-post-covid-19-reconstruction (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-200-eib-backs-826-mw-mytilineos-power-plant-to-support-greek-energy-transition (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-213-eib-supports-the-reconstruction-of-major-roads-in-montenegro-with-eur40-million (accessed 8 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-216-team-europe-the-eib-s-lends-eur-10-million-to-credo-bank-under-its-georgia-outreach-initiative-to-support-msmes (accessed 8 August 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-237-italy-eib-lends-eur500m-to-the-lazio-region-for-smes-mid-caps-infrastructure-environment-and-post-covid-19-recovery (accessed 18 September 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-238-eib-and-idf-sign-eur50-million-loan-to-support-faster-post-covid-recovery-of-smes-and-mid-caps-in-montenegro (accessed 19 September 2020); ECB. https://www.bankingsupervision.europa.eu/press/pr/date/2020/html/ssm.pr200917~eaa01392ca.en.html (accessed 19 September 2020); ECB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-242-eib-approves-eur-12-6-billion-financing-for-transport-clean-energy-urban-development-and-covid-19-resilience (accessed 19 September 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_1773 (accessed 3 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-254-eib-and-hbor-agree-on-covid-19-recovery-package-for-croatian-smes-and-mid-caps (accessed 3 October 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-274-eib-approves-eur-5-1-billion-for-covid-19-resilience-clean-energy-rail-transport-and-urban-development (accessed 17 October 2020).

(i) March, the EIB dedicated EUR10 billion in asset-backed securities (ABS) purchasing programs to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of SME loans; (ii) April 24, Approved EUR5 billion in new financing for businesses affected by the coronavirus, and for the development of medical technology. EUR3 billion was dedicated to businesses in Spain and Italy. The approval represents an extension of the loan package first identified on March 16, 2020; (iii) May 26, the Board of Directors of the European Investment Bank (EIB) agreed on the structure and business approach of the new Pan-European Guarantee Fund (EGF) to tackle the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. It will enable the EIB Group to scale up its support for mostly small and medium-sized European companies, providing up to EUR200 billion of additional financing. Under this scheme, EIB in July 15 and 13 respectively, financed ZANINI Auto Group's innovation strategy with EUR25 million loan and provided Santander (Spanish commercial bank) with EUR757 million to help support SMEs and mid-caps ; (iv) July 15, EIB approves EUR16.6 billion (of which EUR1.9 billion is for Egypt's transport and SME sectors) for COVID-19 health response and economic resilience, climate, clean transport, energy and housing ; (vii) July 21, EIB provided EUR205 million in loans to Adif Alta Velocidad (Spanish rail network) to promote the development of rail infrastructure ; (v) July 21, EIB provided EUR300 million in loans to the Autonomous Province of Trento for sustainable projects and post-COVID-19 reconstruction; (vi) July 22, EIB provided EUR125 million in loans for Greece's 826 MW Mytilineos power plant to support energy transition; (vii) July 31, EIB signed a second tranche worth EUR40 million for the rehabilitation of 180 kilometres of road along the five main routes in Montenegro. The loan from the EU bank is complemented by a EUR1.5 million technical assistance grant awarded under the Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI). It is the first ERI grant to be awarded to a project in the Western Balkans. The total EIB investment worth EUR80 million is expected to increase road safety and efficiency and facilitate faster economic recovery and regional trade; (viii) September 11, EIB lends EUR500 million to the Lazio Region for SMEs, mid-caps, infrastructure, environment and post COVID-19 recovery ; (x) September 14, Montenegrin SMEs and mid-caps in tourism and other sectors severely affected COVID-19 will benefit from EUR50 million loan that the EIB has signed with the Montenegrin Investment and Development Fund ; (xi) September 18, EIB approves EUR12.6 billion financing for transport, clean energy, urban development and COVID-19 resilience; (ix) October 1, The EIB Group has provided a mezzanine tranche guarantee of around EUR125 million to Germany’s Commerzbank AG on loans to SMEs and mid-caps to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis ; (x) October 1, The EIB will invest EUR100 million to support COVID-19 recovery of Croatian SMEs and mid-caps; (xi) October 13, EIB approved a EUR1 billion direct lending to support for companies and health investment in EU member states most impacted by COVID-19 and a EUR2.1 billion to support private sector investment with global financing partners [update].

European Union 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group .

European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Union 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 232,280,000,000 256,946,902,655
European Union 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 232,280,000,000 256,946,902,655 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/about/initiatives/covid-19-response/index.htm (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-197-eib-approves-eur-16-6-billion-for-covid-19-health-response-and-economic-resilience-climate-clean-transport-energy-and-housing (accessed 18 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-199-eib-provides-eur205-million-to-adif-alta-velocidad-to-promote-the-development-of-rail-infrastructure-in-spain (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-198-italy-eib-provides-eur300-million-to-autonomous-province-of-trento-for-sustainable-projects-and-post-covid-19-reconstruction (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-200-eib-backs-826-mw-mytilineos-power-plant-to-support-greek-energy-transition (accessed 23 July 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-213-eib-supports-the-reconstruction-of-major-roads-in-montenegro-with-eur40-million (accessed 8 August 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-216-team-europe-the-eib-s-lends-eur-10-million-to-credo-bank-under-its-georgia-outreach-initiative-to-support-msmes (accessed 8 August 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) March, the EIB dedicated EUR10 billion in asset-backed securities (ABS) purchasing programs to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of SME loans; (ii) April 24, Approved EUR5 billion in new financing for businesses affected by the coronavirus, and for the development of medical technology. EUR3 billion was dedicated to businesses in Spain and Italy. The approval represents an extension of the loan package first identified on March 16, 2020; (iii) May 26, the Board of Directors of the European Investment Bank (EIB) agreed on the structure and business approach of the new Pan-European Guarantee Fund (EGF) to tackle the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. It will enable the EIB Group to scale up its support for mostly small and medium-sized European companies, providing up to EUR200 billion of additional financing. Under this scheme, EIB in July 15 and 13 respectively, financed ZANINI Auto Group's innovation strategy with EUR25 million loan and provided Santander (Spanish commercial bank) with EUR757 million to help support SMEs and mid-caps ; (iv) July 15, EIB approves EUR16.6 billion for COVID-19 health response and economic resilience, climate, clean transport, energy and housing ; (vii) July 21, EIB provided EUR205 million in loans to Adif Alta Velocidad (Spanish rail network) to promote the development of rail infrastructure ; (v) July 21, EIB provided EUR300 million in loans to the Autonomous Province of Trento for sustainable projects and post-COVID-19 reconstruction; (vi) July 22, EIB provided EUR125 million in loans for Greece's 826 MW Mytilineos power plant to support energy transition; (vii) July 31, EIB signed a second tranche worth EUR40 million for the rehabilitation of 180 kilometres of road along the five main routes in Montenegro. The loan from the EU bank is complemented by a EUR1.5 million technical assistance grant awarded under the Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI). It is the first ERI grant to be awarded to a project in the Western Balkans. The total EIB investment worth EUR80 million is expected to increase road safety and efficiency and facilitate faster economic recovery and regional trade; (viii) August 3, the EIB will lend EUR10 million in synthetic local currency to Credo Bank, the leading actor on microfinance market in Georgia predominantly servicing enterprises in rural areas and agricultural sector. This is the second loan under the EIB's Georgia Outreach Initiative launched to improve access to finance for the country's MSMEs. Loans will be available under flexible terms to help maintain liquidity of MSMEs to continue operating and preserve jobs. The loan comes as a part of the immediate response to Covid-19 pandemic launched by the EU and its Team Europe and is facilitated by an EU grant.

European Union 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1507 (accessed 27 August 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs; (iv) June, EUR5.3 billion for the Solvency Support Instrument that will work via an EU guarantee provided to the European Investment Bank (EIB) Group under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). Solvency support will form a separate window under the EFSI to mobilise private capital. The EIB Group will use this guarantee to provide financing directly or invest, fund or guarantee equity funds, special purpose vehicles, investment platforms or national promotional banks. These intermediary funds or vehicles must be established and operate in the EU. The Solvency Support Instrument should predominantly channel solvency support through financial market intermediaries and only to a lesser degree facilitate direct support to companies by the EIB Group [update].

European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Union 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 255,000,000,000 282,079,646,018
European Union 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 255,000,000,000 282,079,646,018 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) March, the EIB dedicated EUR 10 billion in asset-backed securities (ABS) purchasing programs to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of SME loans; (ii) 9 April, EU finance ministers decided to establish Pandemic Crisis Support credit lines within the framework of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). Access granted will be 2% of the respective country's GDP as of end-2019, as a benchmark (about EUR 240 billion in total). The credit line will be available until the COVID-19 crisis is over. The only requirement to access the credit line is that euro area Member States requesting support would commit to use this credit line to finance direct and indirect healthcare, cure and prevention related costs due to the COVID 19 crisis. On May 15, the Board of Governors of the ESM approved the establishment of Pandemic Crisis Support ; (iii) No amount/estimate: European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of the three sources of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. For investments in, for instance, district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (iv) April 24, Approved EUR 5 billion in new financing for businesses affected by the coronavirus, and for the development of medica ltechnology. EUR3 billion was dedicated to businesses in Spain and Italy. The approval represents an extension of the loan package first identified on March 16, 2020.

European Union 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 549,000,000 607,300,885 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020); EC. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1007 (accessed 12 June 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility; (iii) June 8, EUR174 million equity investments from the European Innovation Council (EIC) Accelerator Pilot funding to innovative startups and SMEs [update].

European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Central Bank 04 04 - Equity support EUR
European Union 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR 255,000,000,000 282,079,646,018
European Union 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR 255,000,000,000 282,079,646,018 OECD. http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/en/#country-tracker (accessed 15 April 2020); EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) March, the EIB dedicated EUR 10 billion in asset-backed securities (ABS) purchasing programs to allow banks to transfer risk on portfolios of SME loans; (ii) 9 April, EU finance ministers decided to establish Pandemic Crisis Support credit lines within the framework of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). Access granted will be 2% of the respective country's GDP as of end-2019, as a benchmark (about EUR 240 billion in total). The credit line will be available until the COVID-19 crisis is over. The only requirement to access the credit line is that euro area Member States requesting support would commit to use this credit line to finance direct and indirect healthcare, cure and prevention related costs due to the COVID 19 crisis; (iii) No amount/estimate: European Green Deal investments will remain a priority as part of the EU's efforts to kickstart its economy post-crisis. One of the three sources of funds for this initiative is a public sector loan facility with the European Investment Bank backed by the EU budget to mobilise between EUR25 and EUR30 billion of investments. For investments in, for instance, district heating networks and renovation of buildings; (iv) April 24, Approved EUR 5 billion in new financing for businesses affected by the coronavirus, and for the development of medical technology. EUR 3 billion was dedicated to businesses in Spain and Italy. The approval represents an extension of the loan package first identified on March 16, 2020.

European Union 03B 03B - Forbearance EUR
European Union 04 04 - Equity support EUR 375,000,000 414,823,009 EIB. https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2020-103-eib-backs-eur5-billion-investment-to-mitigate-economic-impact-of-coronavirus-and-support-medical-technology (accessed 29 April 2020); Yale. https://som.yale.edu/faculty-research-centers/centers-initiatives/program-on-financial-stability/covid-19-crisis (accessed 29 April 2020).

(i) April 8, The Commission is launching ESCALAR, a new investment approach, developed together with the European Investment Fund (EIF), that will support venture capital and growth financing for promising companies. In its pilot phase, ESCALAR will provide up to EUR300 million backed by the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI); (ii) April 24, EIB also approved an equity investment worth EUR75 million for the German company Curevac, through the EIB's Infectious Disease Financing Facility [update].

European Central Bank 03 03 - Direct long-term lending EUR
European Central Bank 03A 03A - Long-term lending EUR